Quick Answer: What Countries Are At Risk For Malaria?

What are the risk factors for malaria?

Known risk factors for malaria include low utilization of Insecticidal Treated bed Nets (ITNs), low utilization of Indoor Residual Spray (IRS), availability of multiple mosquito breeding sites or stagnant water sites near the home, and staying outdoors overnight [8–11]..

How do you detect malaria?

Malaria parasites can be identified by examining under the microscope a drop of the patient’s blood, spread out as a “blood smear” on a microscope slide. Prior to examination, the specimen is stained (most often with the Giemsa stain) to give the parasites a distinctive appearance.

Is sore throat a sign of malaria?

Loss of appetite. Tummy upsets such as feeling or being sick, having diarrhoea or tummy pains. Sore throat. Coughing.

How does the body fight malaria?

In a new study published in the journal Science, Macquarie University researchers showed that platelets produce a molecule called Platelet Factor 4 or PF4, which binds with another molecule on red blood cells called Duffy to kill the Plasmodium falciparum strain of malaria.

How do you prevent malaria?

The top 10 tips for preventing malariaDetermine your level of risk. … Stay in well-screened areas at night. … Always use a bed-net impregnated with insecticides. … Use mosquito repellent. … Go for long sleeves. … Insect repellent again. … Sunscreen comes first – repellent second.More items…

Who is most at risk for malaria?

People who are heavily exposed to the bites of mosquitoes infected with P. falciparum are most at risk of dying from malaria. People who have little or no immunity to malaria, such as young children and pregnant women or travelers coming from areas with no malaria, are more likely to become very sick and die.

What groups are most affected by malaria?

The most vulnerable are persons with no or little immunity against the disease. In areas with high transmission (such as Africa south of the Sahara), the most vulnerable groups are: Young children, who have not yet developed partial immunity to malaria.

How do you feel when you have malaria?

Malaria is a disease caused by a parasite. The parasite is transmitted to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes. People who have malaria usually feel very sick, with a high fever and shaking chills.

What is the best treatment for malaria?

The most common antimalarial drugs include:Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). ACTs are, in many cases, the first line treatment for malaria. There are several different types of ACTs. … Chloroquine phosphate. Chloroquine is the preferred treatment for any parasite that is sensitive to the drug.

What should I do if I have malaria?

When to seek medical attention Seek medical help immediately if you develop symptoms of malaria during or after a visit to an area where the disease is found. You should still seek medical help even if it’s several weeks, months or a year after you return from travelling.

Is malaria a virus or bacteria?

A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes. A mosquito takes a blood meal from an infected human, taking in Plasmodia which are in the blood.